bioRxived Articles

Behavioral flexibility is associated with changes in structure and function distributed across a frontal cortical network in macaques

Jérôme Sallet, MaryAnn P Noonan, Adam Thomas, Jill X O’Reilly, Jesper Anderson, Georgios KPapageorgiou, Franz X Neubert, Bashir Ahmed, Jackson Smith, Andrew H Bell, Mark J Buckley, LéaRoumazeilles, Steven Cuell, Mark E Walton, Kristine Krug, Rogier B Mars, Matthew FS Rushworth

bioRxiv 603530; doi:

Verhagen L, Gallea C, Folloni D, Constans C, Jensen D, Ahnine H, Roumazeilles L, Santin M, Ahmed B, Lehericy S, Klein-Flugge M, Krug K, Mars RB, Rushworth MFS, Pouget P, Aubry JF, Sallet J. Offline impact of transcranial focused ultrasound on cortical activation in macaques. bioRxiv 342337; doi:

Folloni D, Verhagen L, Mars RB, Fouragnan EF, Aubry JF, Rushworth MFS, Sallet J Manipulation of deep brain activity in primates using transcranial focused ultrasound stimulation bioRxiv 342303; doi:

Published Articles

Mars RB, Sotiropoulos S, Passingham RE, Sallet J, Verhagen L, Krapitchev AA, Sibson N, Jbabdi S (In Press) Whole brain comparative anatomy using connectivity blueprints. ELife

Eichert N, Verhagen L, Folloni D, Jbabdi S, Khrapitchev AA, Sibson NR, Mantini D, Sallet J, Mars RB. (In Press) What is special about the human arcuate fasciculus? Lateralization, projections, and expansion. Cortex

Large I., Bridge H., Kolasinski J., Clare S., Ahmed S., Sallet J., Bell A., Lam W., Miller K., Krug K. Anatomical localisation of area V5/MT using MRI in humans and monkeys (in press)

Mars RB, Foxley S, Jbabdi S, Sallet J, Noonan MP, Neubert FX, Verhagen L, Dunbar RIM, Khrapichev , A Miller KL, Rushworth MFS. (In Press) The extreme capsule fiber complex in humans and macaque monkeys: Differences between species or between methods? Brain Structure and Function

Neubert FX, Mars RB, Sallet J,  Rushworth MFS. (2015) Connectivity profiles reveal relationship of brain areas for reward-guided learning and decision making in human and monkey frontal cortex. PNAS, 112(20):E2695-704

Mars RB, Neubert FX, Verhagen L, Sallet J, Dunbar RIM, and Barton RA Magnetic resonance imaging and primate comparative neuroscience (2014). Frontiers in Evolutionary Neuroscience

Noonan MP*, Sallet J*, Mars RB*, Neubert FX, O’Reilly JX, Andersson JL, Mitchell AS, Bell AH, Miller KL, Rushworth MFS. A neural circuit covarying with social hierarchy in macaque (2014) PLOS Biology. * All authors contributed equally to this work

Neubert FX, Mars RB, Thomas A, Sallet J,  Rushworth MFS. Comparison of human ventral frontal cortex areas for cognitive control and language with areas in monkey inferior frontal cortex (2014) Neuron, 81(3):700-13

N. T. Markov, M. M. Ercsey-Ravasz, A. R. Ribeiro Gomes, C. Lamy, L. Magrou, J. Vezoli, P. Misery, A. Falchier, R. Quilodran, M. A. Gariel, J. Sallet, R. Gamanut, C. Huissoud, S. Clavagnier, P. Giroud, D. Sappey-Marinier, P. Barone, C. Dehay, Z. Toroczkai, K. Knoblauch, D. C. Van Essen, H. Kennedy (2014) A weighted and directed interareal connectivity matrix for macaque cerebral cortex. Cereb Cortex, 24(1):17-36.

Sallet J, Camille N, Procyk E. Modulation of feedback-related negativity during trial-and-error exploration and encoding of behavioural shifts (2013). Frontiers in Decision Neuroscience, 7; 209

O'Reilly JX, Croxson PL, Jbabdi S, Sallet J, Noonan MP, Mars RB, Browning PG, Wilson CR, Mitchell AS, Miller KL, Rushworth MF, Baxter MG. (2013) Causal effect of disconnection lesions on interhemispheric functional connectivity in rhesus monkeys. PNAS. 110(34):13982-

Sallet J, Mars RB, Noonan MP, Neubert FX, Jbabdi S, O'Reilly JX, Filippini N, Thomas AG, Rushworth MF. (2013) The organization of dorsal frontal cortex in humans and macaques. J Neurosci. 33(30):12255-74

Mars RB*, Sallet J*, Neubert FX, Rushworth MF. (2013) Connectivity profiles reveal the relationship between brain areas for social cognition in human and monkey temporoparietal cortex. PNAS. 110(26):10806-11 * Both authors contributed equally to this work

Amiez C*, Sallet J*, Procyk E, Petrides M. (2012) Modulation of feedback related activity in the rostral anterior cingulate cortex during trial and error exploration. Neuroimage. * Both authors contributed equally to this work

Mars RB, Neubert FX, Noonan MP, Sallet J, Toni I, Rushworth MF. (2012) On the relationship between the "default mode network" and the "social brain". Front Hum Neurosci. 6:189.

Mars RB, Sallet J, Schuffelgen U, Jbabdi S, Toni I, Rushworth MFS (2012) Connectivity-based subdivisions of the human right 'temporoparietal junction area' (TPJ): Evidence for different areas participating in different cortical networks, Cereb Cortex. 22(8):1894-903

Sallet J*, Mars RB*, Noonan MP*, Andersson JL, O'Reilly JX, Jbabdi S, Croxson PL, Jenkinson M, Miller KL, Rushworth MF. (2011) Social network size affects neural circuits in macaques. Science. 334(6056):697-700. * Both authors contributed equally to this work

Rothe M, Quilodran R, Sallet J, Procyk E (2011) Coordination of High Gamma Activity in Anterior Cingulate and Lateral Prefrontal Cortical Areas during Adaptation. J Neurosci 31:11110-11117.

Mars RB, Jbabdi S, Sallet J, O'Reilly JX, Croxson PL, Olivier E, Noonan MP, Bergmann C, Mitchell AS, Baxter MG, Behrens TE, Johansen-Berg H, Tomassini V, Miller KL, Rushworth MF (2011) Diffusion-weighted imaging tractography-based parcellation of the human parietal cortex and comparison with human and macaque resting-state functional connectivity. J Neurosci 31:4087-4100

Noonan MP, Walton ME, Behrens TE, Sallet J, Buckley MJ, Rushworth MF (2010) Separate value comparison and learning mechanisms in macaque medial and lateral orbitofrontal cortex. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:20547-20552

Noonan MP*, Sallet J*, Rudebeck PH, Buckley MJ, Rushworth MF. (2010) Does the medial orbitofrontal cortex have a role in social valuation? Eur J Neurosci. 31(12):2341-51 * Both authors contributed equally to this work

Sallet J, Quilodran R, Rothe M, Vezoli J, Joseph JP, Procyk E (2007) Expectations, gains, and losses in the anterior cingulate cortex. Cogn Affect Behav Neurosci 7:327-336.

Camille N, Coricelli G, Sallet J, Pradat-Diehl P, Duhamel JR, Sirigu A (2004) The involvement of the orbitofrontal cortex in the experience of regret. Science 304:1167-1170.

Short notes

Apps M, Sallet J (2017) Social learning in the medial prefrontal cortex. Trends Cogn Sci. 21(3):151-152 * Both authors contributed equally to this work

Sallet J, Mars RB, Rushworth MFS (2012) Neuroscience: towards a more dynamic view of the social brain. Current Biology

Sallet J, Rushworth MF (2009) Should I stay or should I go: genetic bases for uncertainty-driven exploration. Nat Neurosci 12:963-965.


Boorman ED*, Sallet J* (2009) Mean-variance or prospect theory? The nature of value representations in the human brain. J Neurosci 29:7945-7947. * Both authors contributed equally to this work



Book Chapters

Noonan MP*, Mars RB*, Neubert FX, Ahmed B, Smith J, Krug K and Sallet J (In Press) Organization of the social brain in macaques and humans. In: Dreher JC & Tremblay L (Eds.) Decision Neuroscience. Amsterdam: Academic Press * Both authors contributed equally to this work


Rushworth MFS, Boorman ED, Sallet J, Mars RB. Comparing connections in the brains of humans and other primates using diffusion-weighted imaging (2014) In: Johansen-Berg H & Behrens TEJ (Eds.) Diffusion MRI (2nd edition). Amsterdam: Academic Press


Sallet J, Mars RB, Quilodran R, Procyk E, Petrides M, and Rushworth MFS (2011) Neuroanatomical Basis of Motivational and Cognitive Control: A Focus on the Medial and Lateral Prefrontal Cortex. In: Neural Basis of Motivational and Cognitive Control (Mars RB, Sallet J, Rushworth MFS and Yeung N eds), pp5-20, M.I.T. Press


N. T. Markov, M. M. Ercsey-Ravasz, M. A. Gariel, J. Vezoli, R. Quilodran, A. Falchier, C. Huissoud, S. Clavagnier, J. Sallet, P. Giroud, S.Lamy, P. Misery, D. Sappey-Marinier, P. Barone, C. Dehay, K. Knoblauch, H. Kennedy, Z. Toroczkai, (2010) Principles of inter-areal connections of the macaque cortex. Cinquième conférence plénière française de Neurosciences Computationnelles, "Neurocomp'10", Lyon : France


Book/ Journal Edition

Laubach M, Bouret S, Sallet J (Editors) Special issue of the Journal of Physiology (Paris)

Mars RB, Sallet J, Rushworth MFS and Yeung N (Editors). (2011) Neural Basis of Motivational and Cognitive Control : M.I.T. Press.